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Abbreviations

abbreviations used in our knitting patterns.

BO = bind off

C4B = slip 2 sts to cable needle and hold to back, k2, k2 from cable needle

 

C4F = slip 2 sts to cable needle and hold to front, k2, k2 from cable needle

 

CCO = cable cast on

CO = cast on

dec = decrease (use your favorite decrease method unless otherwise specified)

inc = increase (use your favorite increase method unless otherwise specified)

K, k = knit

K2tog = knit 2 sts together to decrease 1 stitch

kf&b = knit in front and back of same stitch to increase one stitch

LN = left needle

m = marker

M1 = make one stitch between 2 existing stitches using either a left or right slant, you get to decide

M1L = make one stitch slanted left / insert the left-hand needle, from front to back, under the strand of yarn which runs between the stitch just worked and the next stitch on the left-hand needle, knit this stitch through the back loop

M1R = make one stitch slanted right / insert the left-hand needle, from back to front, under the strand of yarn which runs between the stitch just worked and the next stitch on the left-hand needle, knit this stitch through the front loop

pm = place marker

psso = pass slipped stitch over needle to decrease one stitch

PU = pick up

P, p = purl

P2tog = purl 2 stitches together to decrease 1 stitch

RN = right needle

RS = right side of finished work

SL, sl = slip stitch purlwise unworked unless otherwise specified

sm = slip marker from left needle to right needle

stst = stockinette stitch

          Flat:  K 1 row, P 1 row

          Round:  K every round

ssk = slip next 2 sts from left needle to right needle knitwise and knit these 2 sts together through the back loop to decrease one stitch

st(s) = stitch(es)

TY = twist yarns at color change.  Drop the old color and pick up the new color from under the old color.

 

W&T = wrap and turn when working short rows.   What is a short row? A short row is a row that you don't knit to the end of the needle.  Short rows create wedges or triangles to shape fabric.

Wrap and Turn   

Knit Rows:  work to specified stitch, bring yarn to front, slip next stitch purlwise, bring yarn to back, slip stitch from right to left needle.  Turn

Purl Rows:  work to specified stitch, slip next stitch purlwise with yarn in front, bring yarn to back, slip stitch from right to left needle.  Turn

Working Wraps

Knit Rows:  work to wrapped stitch.  Pick up wrap around base of stitch from bottom to top, then bring right needle tip up through stitch.  Knit the wrap and stitch together.

Purl Rows:  work to wrapped stitch.  Pick up side of wrap on RS from top to bottom, place it on the left needle, then purl the wrap and stitch together.

WS = wrong side of finished work

yo = yarn over to increase one stitch

yo on a knit row:  bring working yarn from back to front of work between the needles to create a new stitch

yo on a purl row:  yarn is wrapped around right needle an extra time to create a new stitch

 

abbreviations used in our crochet patterns.

Ch, ch = chain

DC, dc = double crochet

HDC, hdc = half double crochet

SC, sc = single crochet

Sl, sl = slip stitch